Active and Passive Voice Part 2

Rule (7):If Imperative Sentence denotes order, command, then in the passive voice the sentence begins with Let and ‘be’ is used before V3.

Active: Shut the door                                    

Passive: Let the door be shut                    

Rule (8):If Imperative sentence denotes Request or Advice; then in the sentence in the Passive Voice ‘should be’ is used before V3 and sentence does not begin with ‘Let’.

Active: Help the poor.                   

Passive: The poor should be helped.

Active: Feed the child, please.  

Passive: The child should be fed.

Note: Words like Please, Kindly are left in passive voice.

Rule (9):While changing Negative Imperative Sentences into Passive Voice, ‘Let’ is used for ‘Do’ and is followed by ‘not’.

Active: Do not read a bad novel.                                                              

Passive: Let not a bad novel be read (by you).                   

Rule (10):Conversion of Negative Sentences in the Passive Voice is Similar to that of in the ‘Affirmative Sentence and ‘Not’ is used at its own place i.e. after the First Auxiliary Verb.

Active: The boy did not kill the cat.                          

Passive: The cat was not killed by the boy.          

Rule (11):While changing the Interrogative Sentences beginning with ‘Helping verb’ into Passive Voice, the sentences begin with ‘Helping Verbs’ and rest of the changes are similar to that of the ‘Assertive Sentences’.

Active: Does he help Ram?                                         

Passive: Is Ram helped by him?                                

Rule (12):If the ‘Interrogative Sentence begins with ‘who, what, whom etc.’, Sentence in the Passive Voice begins with By whom, By what etc. and rest of the changes are similar to that of the ‘Assertive Sentence’.

Active: Who has deceived you?                                                

Passive: By whom you have been deceived?                     

Rule (13): Generally, ‘by’ is used before ‘object’ in passive voice;exceptions:

(a) ‘At’ comes after verbs ‘alarmed, astonished, disappoint, displeased, distressed, shocked, surprised’.

(b) ‘To’ comes after verbs ‘known, obliged’.

(c) ‘With’ comes after ‘pleased, satisfied, disgusted, impressed’.

(d) ‘In’ comes after Interested, consisted, contained.

Active: Her behaviour disappointed me.                              

Passive: I was disappointed at her behaviour.                                    

Active: I know his sister.

Passive: His sister is known to me.

Active: Your honesty has pleased me.                                   

Passive: I have been pleased with your honesty.                             

Rule (14):While changing sentence beginning with ‘There’ into Passive Voice, Past Infinitive (to be + past participle) comes at the place of Simple Infinitive/ Present Infinitive and there will be no other changes.

Active: There is no time to waste.           

Passive: There is no time to be wasted.

Rule (15):Some sentences have ‘Infinitive without to’. While changing those sentences into passive voice, ‘Infinitive with to’ comes at the place of ‘Infinitive without to’

Active: I made him run away.                    

Passive: He was made to run away.        

Active: He let me go.                     

Passive: I was let go.

Note: ‘to’ is not used before Let in passive voice.