Active and Passive Voice Part 1

VOICE (Active & Passive Voice)

Conditions which do not have passive voice

(i) Those sentences which have verbs in Intransitive form

(ii) Sentences of Future Continuous Tense

(iii) Sentences of Perfect Continuous Tenses

Important Rules of Conversion of Active Voice to Passive Voice

Rule (1):Interchange of Position of Subject and Object

Active: Ram loves Shyam.                           

Passive: Shyam is loved by Ram .              

Note: While interchanging subject and object of pronoun,their forms also interchanged assubjective and objective form.

Active: He loves her.                     

Passive: She is loved by him.

Rule (2):Changes in Verbs

Main Verb of the Active Voice is always changed into Past Participle Form in Passive Voice

Verb “to be” + Love in Passive Voice

         TENSE

     INDEFINITE

   CONTINUOUS

       PERFECT

      PERFECT            CONTINUOUS                     

       PRESENT

  am/is/are loved

am/is/are being               loved

has/ have been loved

No Passive Voice

         PAST

 was/were loved

was/were being loved

had been loved

No Passive Voice

       FUTURE

will/ shall be loved

No Passive Voice

will/shall have been loved

No Passive Voice

Rule (3):Those sentences in which verbs are followed by modal verb, such as can, could, may, might, should, would, there will be no change in the modal verbs and be is added after the modals and is followed by V3.

Active: They can help you.                          

Passive: You can be helped by them.     

Rule (4):In some sentences verb with ‘to’ comes after has, have, or verbs with ‘to’.  While changing those sentences from active to passive voice, ‘to be’ comes after verb to be and V3 comes at the end.

Active: He was to bring you here                                             

Passive: You were to be brought here by him.                   

Rule (5):Some sentences have two objects: (i) Direct object (ii) Indirect object

While interchanging those sentences into passive voice Indirect Object should be used at the place of Subject.

Active: He teaches me Hindi.     

Passive: I am taught Hindi by him.

Rule (6):If the sentences having Double Objects begin with Let, then Direct Object is used at the place of object in the Passive Voice.

Active: Let him bring a glass of water.    

Passive: Let a glass of water be brought by him.