Noun Part 2

NOUN (Part 2)

Rule 5: Noun with Numeral Adjective

Some Nouns followed by Definite Numeral Adjective are always used in plural. E.g. Pair, dozen, score, gross, hundred, thousand, million, billion etc.

Six dozen pencil (correct)                            

Six dozens pencils (incorrect)

But if Numeral Adjective denotes Infinite Number, then the above nouns are used in Plural Number

e.g., Dozens of oranges; millions of dollars; many pairs of shoes etc.

Scores of houses have been gutted in fire. (Correct)

Score of houses have been gutted in fire. (Incorrect)

Rule 6 : Numeral Adjective + Hyphen + Noun

If Definite Numeral Adjective and Noun are joined by Hyphen (-) and a Compound word is formed, then the Noun is always used in Singular Number.

My father gave me a ten-rupee note. (Correct)

My father gave me a ten-rupees note. (Incorrect)

A three-man enquiry committee has been set up. (Correct)

A three-men enquiry committee has been set up. (Incorrect)

A three-men enquiry committee have been set up. (Incorrect)

Rule 7: Noun + Preposition + the same Noun repeated

If the same Noun is used before and after the preposition, then at both the places, the Noun is used in Singular Number.

Mistake after mistake was committed. (Correct)

Mistakes after mistakes were committed. (Incorrect)

He made attempt after attempt but failed. (Correct)

He made attempts after attempts but failed. (Incorrect)

Rule 8: Numeral Adjective + Noun + Fraction

If a Numeral Adjective and a Fraction are used with a noun then Noun is used after the Numeral adjective and the fraction is used at the end, and the Number of the Noun is in accordance with the Numeral Adjectives.

The train is late by one hour and a half. (Correct)

The train is late by two hours and a half. (Correct)

The train is late by one and a half hour. (Incorrect)

The train is late by two and a half hours. (Incorrect)

Note: But if the Numeral Adjective and Fraction is used to denote multiplication, then the Noun is used in Plural Number after the Numeral Adjective and Fraction.

At this rate of interest your money will grow three and a half times. (Correct)

At this rate of interest your money will grow three times and a half. (Incorrect)

Rule 9: Adjectives used as Plural Nouns

Some Adjectives are used as Plural Nouns by adding ‘The’ before them. E.g., The poor, the rich, The down-trodden, the sick etc.

We should help the poor. (Correct)

We should help the poors. (Incorrect)

Note: It is wrong to make plural of these nouns by adding s/es after the adjectives; hence ‘the poor’ denote plural number.

Rule 10: Nouns with Different meaning in Singular and Plural Number

Singular

Plural

Air

Airs

Advice

Advices

Colour

Colours

Custom

Customs

Effect

Effects

Good

Goods

Force

Forces

Pain

Pains

Premise

Premises

Physic

Physics

Quarter

Quarters

Ground

Grounds

Rule 11: To make plural of Compound Nouns, s/ es is added to its Principal word. E.g.,

Singular

Plural

Commander-in-chief

Commanders-in-chief

Son-in-law

Sons-in-law

Step-son

Step sons

Man-of-war

Men-of-war

Passer-by

Passers-by

Maid-servant

Maid-servants

Mother-in-law

Mothers-in law