Uses of Definite Article (The)
Rule 1: With Definite Person(s) or Thing(s)
(For that noun which is used earlier or is specific in nature)
e.g., This is the chapter I read yesterday.
This is the car by which I go to office.
Rule 2:Before those Proper noun (only one in number) and treated as Common Noun.
e.g., The sun rises in the east.
The moon is a satellite of the earth.
Rule 3:Before those singular nouns which denotes entire class as a whole. (class/species)
e.g., The cow has two horns.
The rose is a sweet smelling flower.
Note: But when Man, Woman or Mankind denotes the entire class in its meaning , Definite Article ‘The’ should not be used. (In fact no article should be used before these words)
e.g., Man is a social animal.
Mankind originated a billion years ago
Rule 4:Before names of Mountains, Rivers, Seas, Valleys, Islands, Lakesetc
e.g., The Lake Superior is the largest fresh waterv lake in the world.
The Ganga originated from the Himalayas.
Note: But with a peak or a mountain, article ‘the’ should not be used.
e.g., Mount Everest is the highest peak of the Himalayas.
Rule 5:Before the names of Books, Newspapers, Novels, Epics etc.
e.g., The Ramayan and the Mahabhrat are the holy epics of the Hindus.
The Tempest is a great novel.
The Times of India has highest readership in the country.
Note: But when the name of the Author or Publisher comes with the book, Article ‘The’ should not be used.
e.g., Shakespeare’s Tempest is a great novel. (correct)
Shakespeare’s The Tempest is a great novel (incorrect)
Rule 6:Before Superlative Adjectives / Adverbs
e.g., the most intelligent student, the tallest boy, the deepest point.
Rule 7:Before Proper Noun proceeded by Qualifying Adjective
e.g., The great Einstein, the brave MaharanaPratap,
The gentle-hearted lamb, etc.
Rule 8: Before Musical Instruments
e.g., The guitar, the drum, the orchestra, the flute, etc.
Rule 9:Before those adjectives used as Collective Noun
e.g., The poor should be helped.
The noble are always respected.
Rule 10:With Double Comparative Adverbs
e.g., The more you get, the more you desire.
The harder he works, the better chances of his success.
Rule 11:With Ordinal Numbers
e.g., The first of July, the 1st of July, George the fifth, etc
Note: But If Ordinal Number is written in Roman Number, ‘The’ should not be used.
e.g., July I, George V, etc.
Rule 12:With professions (before profession name)
e.g., He has joined the army.
I am interested in the teaching profession.