Articles Part 2

Uses of Definite Article (The)

Rule 1: With Definite Person(s) or Thing(s)

(For that noun which is used earlier or is specific in nature)

e.g.,     This is the chapter I read yesterday.

            This is the car by which I go to office.

Rule 2:Before those Proper noun (only one in number) and treated as Common Noun.

e.g.,     The sun rises in the east.                   

The moon is a satellite of the earth.

Rule 3:Before those singular nouns which denotes entire class as a whole. (class/species)

e.g.,     The cow has two horns.                     

The rose is a sweet smelling flower.

Note: But when Man, Woman or Mankind denotes the entire class in its meaning , Definite Article ‘The’ should not be used. (In fact no article should be used before these words)

e.g.,     Man is a social animal.                      

Mankind originated a billion years ago

Rule 4:Before names of Mountains, Rivers, Seas, Valleys, Islands, Lakesetc

e.g.,     The Lake Superior is the largest fresh waterv lake in the world.

            The Ganga originated from the Himalayas.

Note: But with a peak or a mountain, article ‘the’ should not be used.

e.g.,     Mount Everest is the highest peak of the Himalayas.

Rule 5:Before the names of Books, Newspapers, Novels, Epics etc.

e.g.,     The Ramayan and the Mahabhrat are the holy epics of the Hindus.

            The Tempest is a great novel.

            The Times of India has highest readership in the country.

Note: But when the name of the Author or Publisher comes with the book, Article ‘The’ should not be used.

e.g.,     Shakespeare’s Tempest is a great novel. (correct)

            Shakespeare’s The Tempest is a great novel (incorrect)

Rule 6:Before Superlative Adjectives / Adverbs

e.g.,     the most intelligent student, the tallest boy, the deepest point.

Rule 7:Before Proper Noun proceeded by Qualifying Adjective

e.g.,     The great Einstein, the brave MaharanaPratap,

            The gentle-hearted lamb, etc.

Rule 8: Before Musical Instruments

e.g.,     The guitar, the drum, the orchestra, the flute, etc.

Rule 9:Before those adjectives used as Collective Noun

e.g.,     The poor should be helped.               

The noble are always respected.

Rule 10:With Double Comparative Adverbs

e.g.,     The more you get, the more you desire.

            The harder he works, the better chances of his success.

Rule 11:With Ordinal Numbers

e.g., The first of July, the 1st of July, George the fifth, etc

Note: But If Ordinal Number is written in Roman Number, ‘The’ should not be used.

e.g., July I, George V, etc.

Rule 12:With professions (before profession name)

e.g.,     He has joined the army.                    

I am interested in the teaching profession.