Conjunction Part 1

CONJUNCTIONS

Conjunction is a word whose only work is to join

Uses of Conjunctions

Rule 1:Correlative Conjunctionsare those conjunctions which are used only in pairs.

              Either………………………………..or

           Though/ Although………………….yet

              Neither……………………………nor

            Lest…………………………………..should

              Both……………………………….and

          No sooner……………………………..than

              Whether…………………………..or

          Scarcely/ Hardly…………………..when

              Not only……………………but also

           As much…………………………………..as

I shall either read or write.                                          

He is neither strong nor courageous.

Both Ram and Shyam have passed.        

Though he is poor, yet he is honest.

Work hard lest you should fail.                  

No sooner had he reached the station than the train started.

Rule 2:Position of Correlative Conjunctions

Both parts of the correlative conjunctions are used before the same Parts of Speech; it means if the first part of the correlative conjunction is used before Noun / Adjective / Adverb then the second part of the correlative conjunction must also be used before Noun / Adjective / Adverb.

e.g. He gave me not only food but also shelter. (Correct)             

He not only gave me food but also shelter. (Incorrect)

Rule 3:Double Negative should not be used.

(A): Not either is followed by ‘or’ but not followed by ‘nor’.

This book is not either exhaustive or up-to-date.

(B): If No / Not / Never comes in a sentence and clause comes thereafter, then to join that clause Conjunction ‘or’ (but not ‘nor’) is used.

He has no relation or friend who can support him.

He has not a relation or a friend who can support him.

 I never lived there or even went there before.

(C) Expressions “Unless he does not help”or “Unless he does not come”are wrong.

Correct use:-“Until he comes”(showing time) “Unless he help” (showing condition)

e.g.,       I shall wit until you come.             He will fail unless I help him.

Rule 4:Conjunction ‘than’ is used after Other/ RatherandComparative Degree Adjectives.

e.g., I would rather go than stay at home.

I was helped by no other than the father himself.           

He is stronger than you.     

Rule 5: Whether / If + or not / or no

Conjunction‘or not’or‘or no’ is used after Whether / If.

I do not know whether (or if) he has gone or not.

Whether he will help me or not is doubtful.