Adverb Part 2

Some Typical Adverbs

(1) Too

Too = More than enough

‘Too’ has negative sense or undesirability; so ‘too’ should not be used in place of ‘very’ or ‘much’.

E. g., I am too happy to hear of your success. (Incorrect)

The house is too small for us. (Correct)

(2) Too + Infinitive

In this type of sentences, ‘too’ is used in negative sense and not in the positive one.

He is too poor to buy a car. (Correct)

He is too rich to buy a car.

The enemy is too strong to be overcome easily. (Correct)

(3) Very and Much

Very = Used with Present Participle

Much = Used with Past Participle or Verb

E. g., The game was very exciting.

I was much shocked to hear the news.

Note: But ‘very’ is used before some Past Participle.

(4) Very and Much

Very is used before Positive Degree Adjective or Adverb

Much is used before Comparative Degree Adjective or Adverb

Mohan is very intelligent.

Rohan’s house is nuch bigger than Sohan’s.

(5) Much and Very Much

Very much can be used with the Verb in Affirmative sentences, but in Negative sentences ‘very much’ is not used; only ‘much’ is used.

E.g., I love him very much.

I don’t love him very much. (Incorrect)

(6) Else ……….. but

Else should be followed by ‘but’ not ‘than’.

E. g., None else than the Chief Minister will inaugurate the Seminar (Incorrect)

None else but the Chief Minister will inaugurate the Seminar (Correct)

It is nothing else but arrogance.

(7) Seldom or never / Seldom if ever

In the sentence ‘seldom or never’ / ‘seldom if ever’ should be used.

E. g., He seldom or never misbehaves with anybody.

He seldom if ever drinks.

(8)  Before and Ago

Both before and ago are Adverbs of Time

Before can be used in Simple Past Tense or Present Perfect Tense.

Ago can’t be used in Present Perfect Tense, it is always used in Simple Past Tense.

E.g., I have seen Udaipur before also.

I have completed my work an hour ago. (Incorrect)

I completed my work an hour ago. (Correct)

(9) Yet and Already

Already = Used with Affirmative sentences

Yet = Used with Negative or Interrogative Sentences

E. g. I have already completed my work.

I have not yet completed my work.

(10) Just and Just now

Just = A moment ago; generally used with Present Perfect Tense

Just now = A short time ago, used with Simple Past Tense

E. g. He just finished his speech. (Incorrect)

He has just finished his speech. (Correct)

They left home just. (Incorrect)

They left home just now. (Correct)

(11) Fairly and Rather

Fairly and rather both are Adverbs of Quantity

Fairly has the sense of liking while Rather has the sense of dislike.

E. g., The weather is rather pleasant. (Incorrect)

The weather is fairly pleasant. (Correct)

The day is fairly hot. (Incorrect)

The day is rather hot. (Correct)

(12) Hard and Hardly

Hard = Tough; it can be used as an Adjective or as an Adverb.

Hardly = Rarely; it is used as an Adverb only.

E.g., It is a hard job

He works hard.

She hardly comes to me                                    

(13) Late and Lately

Late = After the fixed or usual time

Lately = Recently

You are late.

He has lately started a new business.

(14) Most and Mostly

Most = Greatest in amount or degree

Mostly = Generally, Usually

The person whom I like most is my father.

The audience consists mostly of students.