Adjective part 3

Some Typical Adjectives        

(1) Later and Latter

Later is the comparative degree of late and it denotes time.

Latter is an antonym of former and it denotes position

Amit came later than Sumit.

Rohit and Mohit are brothers but the latter elder to the former.

(2) Last and Latest

Last is an antonym of first and it denotes position.

Latest is an antonym of earliest and it denotes time.

The last person in the queue is my friend.

What is the latest news about the IBPS PO result?

(3) Fewer, Less and Lesser

Fewer is a comparative degree Adjective and it denotes Number.

Less is also a comparative degree Adjective but it denotes Quantity.

Lesser means less important

Fewer visitors came to see Hawa Mahal this year.

There is less milk in the bottle.

I have not read lesser poets of the Elizabethan Age.

(4) Elder and Eldest; Older and Oldest

Elder (comparative degree) and eldest (superlative degree) are used to denote age of the same family members.

Older and oldest are used for different persons and things.

He is my elder brother.

I am older than my friend.

Note:While comparing, than is used after older while to is used after elder.

I am elder to my sister while she is older than her friend.

(5) Some and Any

Some is used in Affirmative Sentences and with those Interrogative Sentences those have the sense of ‘request’ or ‘invitation’.

Any is used in Negative Sentences and Interrogative Sentences.

I want to read some more books.

I don’t want to read any more books.

Will you please have some tea?

Do you have any friend with you?

(6) Little, a little and the little

Little means nearly negligible

A little denotes some quantity

The little means not more in quantity but the entire quantity whatever is there

There is a little money left.

There is only a little sugar left in the kitchen.

Make the best use of the little time you have

(7) Few, a few and the few

Few, a few and the few have similar meanings as little, a little and the little respectively; there is a difference that few, a few and the few are used for number while little, a little and the little are used for quantity.

I have few enemies.

I can give you a few books.

My brother has lost the few books he had.