Noun

Noun

Rule1

There are some nouns which are uncountable like thoughts, scenery, poetry, luggage, work etc. Such nouns are always followed by singular verbs.

Example: 

The scenery of forts in Rajasthan are very beautiful. 

Correct statement: The scenery of forts in Rajasthan is very beautiful. 

Here, we are referring to scenery not forts therefore "is" should be used.

Rule 2

There are some nouns which are in singular form like Children, cattle, People, Group etc. but are used as plural nouns hence plural helping verb is used with them. 

Example:

1. His children is very intelligent. 
Correct statement: His children are very intelligent. 

2. People is in the favour of this decision. 
Correct statement: People are in the favour of this decision. 

Rule 3

Nouns ending with -s or -es like Economics, Politics, Mechanics, Physics, Innings, News, Series etc. are used with the singular verb only. 

Example:

1. Politics are like business for some people. 
Correct statement: Politics is like business for some people. 

2. The news of His journey to success are encouraging. 
Correct statement: The news of his journey to success is encouraging. 

Rule 4

Nouns like scissors, trousers, spectacles, Jeans, thanks, contents, orders, spirits, savings, stairs, assets, requirements, ashes etc. are used with plural form with the plural verb only. 

Example:
1. His spectacles is very attractive. 
Correct statement: His spectacles are very attractive. 
2. My savings is very less. 
Correct statement: My savings are very less. 

Rule 5

Nouns which are expressing any number are always used in singular form only. 
Example:
1.He gave me five-hundreds rupees
Correct statement: He gave me five-hundred rupees
2. Rahul bought two dozens banana from Market. 
Correct statement: Rahul bought two dozen bananas from Market. 

 

Rule6

Do not use apostrophe’s with the non-living things. Apostrophe is only used with living things and with time, weight, distance and amount only. 
Example:
1. House's colour.(Wrong) 
Divya's book (correct) 
2. Three kilometer's journey (correct) 
Nature's law (correct) 

Rule 7

Place 'the' before a proper noun which can be used as a common noun. 
Example:
1. His daughter is the scientist of the future. 
2. He is the manager of the Bank. 

Rule 8

Nouns which are used in collective form like group can be used in both singular and plural form. 
Example

1. Society group made their decision instantly. 
1. Correct statement: Society group made its decision instantly.

 

Rule 9

There are some nouns which are used as it is for singular and plural meaning; like lectures, series, species, apparatus, services, fish, sheep, offspring etc.
Example:
1. As soon as I walked in that farm I saw two deer. 
Correct statement: As soon as I walked in that farm I saw two deer. 
2. Sheeps are grazing in the farm. 
Correct statement: Sheep are grazing in the farm.

Rule10

A compound noun is not used in the plural form for that condition is if the noun does the work of an adjective. 
Example:
1. A twenty miles journey.

Correct statement: A twenty mile journey. 
2. A ten rupees note. 
Correct statement: A ten rupee note. 

Rule 11

If same noun comes before preposition and after preposition then the after preposition noun should be in singular form. 
Example:
1. Hour after hours. 
Correct statement: Hour after hour 
2. Time to times. 
Correct statement: Time to time. 

Rule 12

While using compound nouns with apostrophe’s, the apostrophe should be put only with the last word. 
Example:
1. Her sister's in law's house is very beautiful. 
Correct statement: Her sister in law's house is very beautiful. 
2. This is my father's in law's car. 
Correct statement: This is my father in law's car. 

Rule 13

If any noun or a word ending with 's’ and which is in the possessive form in that case use apostrophe without 's'. 
Example:
1. Incorrect: Viksas's Car
Correct: Vikas' Car. 
2. Incorrect: Boys's Hostel
Correct: Boys' Hostel 

Rule 14

Some noun gives different meaning when -s or -es is used with them. 

Example:
1. Quarter is a noun whose meaning is one forth. 
2. Quarters is a noun whose meaning is place of residence. 

Rule 15

Some noun which are used for expressing length and measurements should always be used in singular form and do not use 'of ' after such nouns. 
Example: 
1. He has dozens of potatoes. 
Correct statement: He has dozen potatoes. 
2. Gopal has millions of dollars. 
Correct statement: Gopal has million dollars. 

Rule 16

When two adjectives having different meaning and which is qualifying same noun are always used with plural verbs. 

Example:
1. Summer and winter vacation is compulsory in his school. 
Correct statement: Summer and winter vacation are compulsory in his school. 
2. Social and cultural life in India is changing very fast. 

Correct statement: Social and cultural life in India are changing very fast. 

Rule 17

We should carefully use plural forms of some nouns. Some of them are given below.

Singular Noun

Plural Noun

Mouse

Mice

Stadium

Stadia

Criterion

Criteria

Phenomenon

Phenomena

Crisis

Crises

Radius

Radii

Syllabus

Syllabi

Alumnus

Alumni

Addendum

Addenda

Mother in law

Mother's in law

Basis

Bases

Matrix

Matrices